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Birds of the Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge


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The Refuge | History | Wildlife | Recreation | Regulations | The Birds | Fish & Wildlife Service | USFWS News Release

A National Wildlife Refuge

This list was compiled from 1975-1990 records. Some species observed prior to 1975 and a few accidentals, seen only once, have been excluded. Bird activity is highlighted by shorebird, sea duck and waterfowl migrations in fall and early spring.

This list applies only to the Monomoy Islands, including the portion of Morris Island near refuge headquarters. North and South Monomoy Islands can be reached only by boat under favorable weather conditions.

This list includes 285 birds that have been identified on the refuge, and is in accordance with the Sixth American Ornithologists Union Checklist.

Most birds are migratory, therefore, their seasonal occurrence is coded as follows:

Season
s Spring March-May
S Summer June-August
F Fall September-November
W Winter December-February

Relative Abundance
a abundant - a species which is very numerous
c common - likely to be seen or heard in suitable habitat
u uncommon - present, but not certain to be seen
o occasional - seen only a few times during a season
r rare - may be present but not every year

* indicates bird known to nest on or near the refuge

Italics indicate threatened/endangered species

Birds of Monomoy
sSFW sSFW
LOONS - GREBESPLOVERS - SANDPIPERS
Red-throated Looncoco Black-bellied Ploveracao
Common Looncucc Lesser Golden-Ploverrro
*Pied-billed Grebeuuu Semipalmated Ploverucc
Horned Grebeoo *Piping Plovercco
Red-necked Greberrr Kildeeruu
*American Oystercatcherccc
SHEARWATERS - STORM-PETRELS Greater Yellowlegsccc
Northern Fulmarrrr Lesser Yellowlegsucc
Cory's Shearwateroo Solitary Sandpiperrrr
Greater Shearwateroo *Willetcco
Sooty Shearwateroor *Spotted Sandpiperuuo
Wilson's Storm Petrelo Upland Sandpiperro
Leach's Storm-Petrelrr Whimbrelrcc
Eurasian Curlewr
GANNET - CORMORANTS Long-billed Curlewr
Northern Gannetcrau Hudsonian Godwitco
Great Cormorantcocc Bar-tailed Godwitrr
Double-crested Cormorantccc Marbled Godwitoo
Ruddy Turnstonecoc
BITTERNS - HERONS - IBISES Red Knotcccr
American Bitternror Sanderlingacao
Least Bitternr Semipalmated Sandpiperaac
Great Blue Heroncucu Western Sandpiperro
Great Egretoou *Least Sandpiperccc
*Snowy Egretccc White-rumped Sandpiperoru
Little Blue Heronooo Baird's Sandpipero
Tricolored Heronror Pectoral Sandpiperooc
Cattle Egretrr Sharp-tailed Sandpiperr
Green-backed Heronruu Dunlinaoao
*Black-crowned Night-Heronccco Curlew Sandpiperr
Yellow-crowned Night-Heronrr Stilt Sandpiperoo
Glossy Ibisouo Buff-breasted Sandpiperr
Ruffrrr
SWANS - GEESE - DUCKS Short-billed Dowitchercac
Fulvous Whistling-Duckr Long-billed Dowitcherro
Mute Swanuuur Common Snipero
Snow Goosero American Woodcockrr
Brantcrcc Wilson's Phalaroperor
*Canada Gooseacaa Red-necked Phalaropeoo
Wood Duckrr Red Phalaroperr
*Green-winged Tealccco
*American Black Duckacaa JAEGERS - GULLS - TERNS - AUKS
*Mallardcccc Pomarine Jaegerrr
*Northern Pintailcuco Parasitic Jaegeroro
*Blue-winged Tealcuc *Laughing Gullccc
*Northern Shoveleruuu Little Gullrr
*Gadwallccco Common Black-headed Gullrrrr
Eurasian Wigeonrrr Bonaparte's Gulluoco
*American Wigeoncuco Ring-billed Gullcccc
Canvasbackoco *Herring Gullaaaa
Redheadooo Iceland Gullro
Ring-necked Duckoco Lesser Black-backed Gullor
Tufted Duckrrr Glaucous Gullrr
Greater Scaupoco *Great Black-backed Gullor
Lesser Scaupoor Black-legged Kittiwakecocc
Common Eiderauaa Caspian Ternr
King Eiderrrr Royal Terno
Harlequin Duckrr Sandwich Terno
Oldsquawcoac *Roseate Terncac
Black Scotercrcc *Common Ternaac
Surf Scotercrcc
White-winged Scotercrac *Arctic Terncc
Common Goldeneyeocc Forster's Ternoo
Buffleheadccc *Least Terncc
Hooded Merganseroco Black Ternooo
Common Merganseroo Dovekieo
*Red-breasted Mergansercrac *Black Skimmeroo
*Ruddy Duckooco Thick-billed Murreo
Razorbillroo
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sSFW sSFW
VULTURES - HAWKS - FALCONS DOVES - CUCKOOS - OWLS - SWIFTS -
HUMMINGBIRDS
Black Vulturer Rock Doveoooo
Turkey Vulturerur *Mourning Doveccco
Ospreyouo Black-billed Cuckoorro
Mississippi Kiter Yellow-billed Cuckoorro
Bald Eagleroor Barn Owlrr
*Northern Harriercucc Great Horned Owloooo
Sharp-shinned Hawkuc Snowy Owlr
Cooper's Hawkro *Short-eared Owluuuo
Northern Goshawkrr Common Nighthawkrr
Broad-winged Hawkrr Whip-poor-willoo
Red-tailed Hawkoooo Chimney Swiftooo
American Kestreluu Ruby-throated Hummingbirdrr
Merlinoco *Belted Kingfisheruu
Peregrine Falconuuu
Gyrfalconrr WOODPECKERS - FLYCATCHERS
Yellow-bellied Sapsuckerro
GROUSE - QUAIL *Downy Woodpeckeruuuu
Ring-necked Pheasantoooo Hairy Woodpeckeroooo
Northern Bobwhiteoooo *Northern Flickerccco
Olive-sided Flycatcherrr
RAILS - CRANES Eastern Wood-Peweeooo
Clapper Railr Yellow-bellied Flycatcherro
King Railr Willow Flycatcheroo
*Virginia Railrro Least Flycatcheroo
*Sorarro Eastern Phoebero
Common Moorhenrr *Great Crested Flycatcherour
American Cootoco Western Kingbirdr
*Eastern Kingbirdcco
TOP
sSFW sSFW
LARKS - SWALLOWS - JAYS - CROWS TITMICE - NUTHATCHES - WRENS
*Horned Larkcccc Black-capped Chickadeecccc
Purple Martinrrr *Tufted Titmouseuuuo
*Tree Swallowcca *Red-breasted Nuthatchucu
*Northern Rough-winged Swallowuu *White-breasted Nuthatchuuuu
Bank Swallowoo Brown Creeperoo
Cliff Swallowrr House Wrenr
*Barn Swallowcao Winter Wrenrr
Blue Jaycccu Marsh Wreno
*American Crowcccc
TANAGERS - SPARROWS
KINGLETS - THRUSHES - THRASHERS Scarlet Tanagerro
Golden-crowned Kingletrc *Northern Cardinaluuuu
Ruby-crowned Kingletoc Rose-breasted Grosbeakoc
Blue-gray Gnatcatcheroo Indigo Buntingoo
Eastern Bluebirdrr Dickcisselr
Veeryro *Rufous-sided Towheeuuu
Gray-cheeked Thrushrr American Tree Sparrowo
Swainson's Thrushoc Chipping Sparrowrc
Hermit Thrushro Field Sparrowro
Wood Thrushr Vesper Sparrowr
*American Robincuc Lark Sparrowrr
*Gray Catbirdcc *Savannah Sparrowcccc
*Northern Mockingbirduuo *Sharp-tailed Sparrowcco
Brown Thrasherooo *Seaside Sparrowooo
Fox Sparrowo
WAXWINGS - SHRIKES - STARLING *Song Sparrowcccc
American Pipitoc Lincoln's Sparrowo
Cedar Waxwinguuc Swamp Sparrowrc
Northern Shrikerr White-throated Sparrowoc
Loggerhead Shriker White-crowned Sparrowro
*European Starlingcccc Dark-eyed Juncoocu
Lapland Longspuruuo
Snow Buntingcc
TOP
sSFW sSFW
VIREOS - WOOD WARBLERS BLACKBIRDS - FINCHES
White-eyed Vireor Bobolinkuc
Solitary Vireoro *Red-winged Blackbirdccc
Warbling Vireorrr Eastern Meadowlarkro
Philadelphia Vireoo Yellow-headed Blackbirdr
Red-eyed Vireooc Rusty Blackbirdo
Blue-winged Warblero *Common Grackleuuu
Golden-winged Warblerrr Brown-headed Cowbirduuu
Tenessee Warblerrc Northern Orioleouc
Orange-crowned Warblero Pine Grosbeakr
Nashville Warblerro Purple Finchooo
Northern Parulaoo *House Finchaaaa
*Yellow Warblerccc Red Crossbillr
Chestnut-sided Warblerro White-winged Crossbillr
Magnolia Warbleroo Common Redpollr
Cape May Warblerrc Pine Siskinroo
Black-throated Blue Warblerro *American Goldfinchuuco
Yellow-rumped Warblercao Evening Grosbeakooo
Black-throated Green Warbleroc *House Sparrowuuuu
Blackburnian Warbleroo
*Pine Warbleruuu
Prairie Warbleruuc
Palm Warbleroc
Bay-breasted Warbleroc
Blackpoll Warbleruc
Black-and-white Warbleruu
American Redstartoc
Ovenbirdro
Northern Waterthrushoc
Connecticut Warblerr
Mourning Warblerro
*Common Yellowthroatccc
Wilson's Warbleroo
Canada Warblerro
Yellow-breasted Chato
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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Monomoy is one of almost 500 refuges in the National Wildlife Refuge System administered by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The National Wildlife Refuge System is a network of lands and waters managed specifically for the protection of wildlife and wildlife habitat and represents the most comprehensive wildlife management progrm in the world. Units of the system stretch across the United States from northern Alaska to the Florida Keys and include small islands in the Caribbean and South Pacific. The character of the refuges is as diverse as the nation itself.

The Service also manages National Fish Hatcheries, and provides Federal leadership in habitat protection, fish and wildlife research, technical assistance and the conservation and protection of migratory birds, certain marine mammals and threatened and endangered species.

For futher information, contact:

Refuge Manager
Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Complex
Weir Hill Road
Sudbury, MA 01776-1427
Telephone: (508) 443-4661

Hard of hearing or deaf visitors may call the Massachusetts Relay Center at 1-80-0-439-2370

This brochure is available upon request in print and in a large print version.

The Morris Island Trail Guide is also available upon request.

Dept of the Interior Seal US Fish & Wildlife Seal
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The Refuge | History | Wildlife | Recreation | Regulations | The Birds | Fish & Wildlife Service | USFWS News Release

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